How to balance data ingestion and data privacy with the right tools
Parameters to consider when choosing your tools and how to make a balanced tradeoff
For most data engineers, there exists a tradeoff between keeping the data pipelines open for ingestion and ensuring data privacy. This tradeoff becomes more acute when there are real-time sources, and the system uses open-source platforms. So, how does one triage and prioritise the data pipeline health?
How to choose the right tools
Choosing the right tools is a decision that can't be taken in isolation, and depends on several factors:
Identify your business needs
Historically, most businesses wanted a batch processing model, but as the data volumes grow, organisations need to ingest real-time data. What tool you’d want to use depends foremost on your business needs. What kind of data processing do you require to meet your business goals? What are your data sources, the volume of data, and the use cases? Do you need to analyse structured data, unstructured data, or both? Do you need to process real-time data or batch data? These are essential questions that will help you select the right tools.
Consider the features of the tools and ensure they meet your business needs. Look for tools that can handle large data volumes, process data quickly and accurately, and support the data formats you need. You may want to consider tools that can integrate with your other systems, as this can simplify your data processing pipeline.
Assess your engineering resources
Evaluate the expertise of your engineering team and their experience with different technologies. It is unlikely that your engineers will be highly experienced in many technologies. Choose tools that your team has experience with or can quickly learn to use. Selecting the right tools that your team can work with can help you save time and avoid delays in the development process.
Evaluate community support
When choosing tools, consider the level of community support for each tool. Popular tools often have a large user community, which means more resources, tutorials, and support. A large community shows that the tool is likely to be maintained and updated regularly, reducing the risk of compatibility issues or security vulnerabilities. Large community support also means that as newer use cases come up, you’ll see features getting added quickly to meet your growing needs. Open source tools typically have huge communities. For instance, Spark has a very active user community, and that is an important consideration when using Spark.
Besides the above considerations, evaluate the cost of each tool and compare it with your budget. Some tools may be open-source, while others would require a license fee. You may also need to consider ongoing maintenance and support costs, and the costs of your human capital.
Finally, before committing to any tools, try them out in a test environment. This can help you identify any issues or limitations that may affect your decision.
Achieving a balance between data ingestion and data privacy
With data pipelines, there is often a balance that needs to be maintained between data ingestion and data privacy. It is important to ensure that data is ingested and processed quickly, while simultaneously ensuring that data privacy is not compromised. To reduce the risk of data breaches, data engineers should ensure that they only collect and process the data necessary for business purposes.
Second, they should use encryption to protect sensitive data while it’s in transit and at rest. Unauthorised users can’t read or use encrypted data, ensuring data privacy. Encryption becomes paramount when you know users are likely to use public networks. Data pipelines should be secured using role-based access control, firewalls, and intrusion detection systems to prevent unauthorised access.
Third, engineers can use open-source tools that are designed to ensure data privacy. These tools often have built-in security features that can help to protect data even as it is being ingested and processed. Additionally, they are usually highly customisable, which can help organisations tailor their data pipelines to their specific needs.
Following the above guidelines can help engineers make the right tradeoff between data ingestion and data privacy.